We've moved to new platform. Passwords set before 24th July, 2014 will not work. Please reset your password, follow this link if help needed.
  1. Submit a picture of your tank for a chance to win a gift certificate for your next Saltwaterfish.com purchase!! More contestants = More prizes!
  2. Hello! We noticed you are not a member of the Saltwaterfish Forum Family yet. Sign up now, and you will receive instant savings and freebies on your Saltwaterfish.com purchases. To the right is the link to 'Sign Up Now!'. We hope to meet you soon!

Parasitic worms

Discussion in 'Archives & FAQ' started by florida joe, Jan 2, 2009.

  1. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Not wanting to highjack a thread where the posts turned to the topic of worms I submit the following
    Worms of Concern
    Anchor Worm
    Young anchor worms are free-swimming crustaceans that bury themselves into the fish’s skin. It takes several months before the worm becomes visible in form of holes or ulcers on the fish's body. After laying eggs, the worm dies off.
    Since the worm cannot be removed by hand, a potassium permanganate bath for about 20 minutes should cure it (dosage 10ml/l).
    Thorny Headed Worm
    Visible symptoms are white or green threads on the gills. The fish often scratches on objects in the aquarium.
    The thorny headed worm is similar to the anchor worm, only smaller in size. It attaches itself to the gills. The cure is also a potassium permanganate bath for 20 minutes (dosage 10ml/l).
    Flukes
    The symptoms are mucus-covered gills and/or body, red spots on the skin; fins appear eaten away, as well as rapid breathing.
    Flukes are flatworms and are similar in appearance as Ick and can be better viewed with detail through a magnifying glass. Flukes will destroy the gills and kill the fish if left untreated.
    The best cure is a potassium permanganate bath for 20 minutes (dosage 10ml/l).
    Threadworms
    Threadworms are internal fish that sometimes emerge from the fish's anus. This parasitic infestation can be fatal if not treated in time. Preferred treatment is parachlorometaxylenol soaked fish food and a bath in the same for several days (dosage 10ml/ liter).
    Leeches
    These external parasites are visible on the skin, gills and fins of the fish and are similar in appearance to Ick.
    Since they attach themselves to the fish, the best method of removal is a bath in a salt solution for 20 minutes (dosage 2.5 % salt to water). During the bath, most of the leeches will simply fall off; the ones remaining can be removed with a pair of tweezers.
  2. robertmathern

    robertmathern New Member

    Good thread joe. Lots of info here I dont have any of these problem but still handy info. If you could put pics whit the worms. I would think the mods should make it a sticky in a disease forum. Like the one they have on sickness. Just a thought
  3. spanko

    spanko Active Member

    Good information thank you for sharing.
  4. bang guy

    bang guy Administrator Staff Member

    I Think I'll sticky this one for a few days.
  5. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Originally Posted by robertmathern

    Good thread joe. Lots of info here I dont have any of these problem but still handy info. If you could put pics whit the worms. I would think the mods should make it a sticky in a disease forum. Like the one they have on sickness. Just a thought
    Robert the only worm you will ever encounter is in a Mescal bottle Pass the salt and lime my friend
  6. robertmathern

    robertmathern New Member

    Thats it is my friend that it is. Glad to see this became a sticky. Now if you excuse me I am still fighting the dead worm in this bottle and so far it is winning
  7. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Originally Posted by robertmathern

    Thats it is my friend that it is. Glad to see this became a sticky. Now if you excuse me I am still fighting the dead worm in this bottle and so far it is winning
    Oh you amateurs not to go off on a tangent but put your tongue over the bottle tip it up wait for the worm to drop to the neck of the bottle where your tongue is. Remove your tongue and presto you got the worm umm umm good
  8. robertmathern

    robertmathern New Member

    Originally Posted by florida joe

    Oh you amateurs not to go off on a tangent but put your tongue over the bottle tip it up wait for the worm to drop to the neck of the bottle where your tongue is. Remove your tongue and presto you got the worm umm umm good
    The mighty Joe solved yet another mystery of another worm
  9. sepulatian

    sepulatian Moderator Staff Member

    This is a very good thread Joe. Do you have any pictures of the worms that you have discussed?
  10. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Originally Posted by sepulatian

    This is a very good thread Joe. Do you have any pictures of the worms that you have discussed?
    I will see what I can come up with Sir Q
  11. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Not the best but I have some requests out for some better pics

    Thorny head

    Fluke
  12. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    Originally Posted by florida joe

    Not wanting to highjack a thread where the posts turned to the topic of worms I submit the following
    Worms of Concern
    Anchor Worm
    Young anchor worms are free-swimming crustaceans that bury themselves into the fish’s skin. It takes several months before the worm becomes visible in form of holes or ulcers on the fish's body. After laying eggs, the worm dies off.
    Since the worm cannot be removed by hand, a potassium permanganate bath for about 20 minutes should cure it (dosage 10ml/l).
    Thorny Headed Worm
    Visible symptoms are white or green threads on the gills. The fish often scratches on objects in the aquarium.
    The thorny headed worm is similar to the anchor worm, only smaller in size. It attaches itself to the gills. The cure is also a potassium permanganate bath for 20 minutes (dosage 10ml/l).
    Flukes
    The symptoms are mucus-covered gills and/or body, red spots on the skin; fins appear eaten away, as well as rapid breathing.
    Flukes are flatworms and are similar in appearance as Ick and can be better viewed with detail through a magnifying glass. Flukes will destroy the gills and kill the fish if left untreated.
    The best cure is a potassium permanganate bath for 20 minutes (dosage 10ml/l).
    Threadworms
    Threadworms are internal fish that sometimes emerge from the fish's anus. This parasitic infestation can be fatal if not treated in time. Preferred treatment is parachlorometaxylenol soaked fish food and a bath in the same for several days (dosage 10ml/ liter).
    Leeches
    These external parasites are visible on the skin, gills and fins of the fish and are similar in appearance to Ick.
    Since they attach themselves to the fish, the best method of removal is a bath in a salt solution for 20 minutes (dosage 2.5 % salt to water). During the bath, most of the leeches will simply fall off; the ones remaining can be removed with a pair of tweezers.
    I have added these bad guys to the list
    . Cestodes: Cestodes are the tapeworms that live in digestive systems; typically an aquarist will only become aware of their presence through a section of worm being expelled for the vent or from postmortem dissection
    Fishes are either imported with the tapes or pick them up from ingesting their intermediate hosts; in their food. Once more, a good reason to not-use lives marine foods.
    There are anti-worm chemicals that work on ridding fishes of intestinal parasites; you can check with local sources as to which is the "latest and greatest" available; but I wouldn't. The vast majority of incidents show that the cure is too late, or more deadly than the problem. Well-maintained specimens have "successful" relationships with their internal parasites; they do not kill them.
    Roundworms, the Phylum Nematoda Roundworms, the Phylum Nematoda like the tapes, are rarely encountered unless detected protruding from a fish's vent or from cutting up a specimen after it has died. Many are microscopic, some macro- as parasites. Amongst all "worm" groups a nematode is easy to recognize by it's tri-radiate esophagus, otherwise they're typically smooth, white, and non-descript. like the tapes, are rarely encountered unless detected protruding from a fish's vent or from cutting up a specimen after it has died. Many are microscopic, some macro- as parasites. Amongst all "worm" groups a nematode is easy to recognize by it's tri-radiate esophagus, otherwise they're typically smooth, white, and non-descript.
    With this worm group the best treatment is none at all; simply optimizing the environment reduces the likelihood of loss or debilitation from roundworms. If you have an aquaculture facility or many members of the same species that are determined to be dying from nematodes, anthelminthics (Piperazine, Levamisol (both in Discomed (tm)) the family of chemicals called Benzimidizoles, et al. are efficacious).
  13. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    I have added these bad guys to the list
    . Cestodes: Cestodes are the tapeworms that live in digestive systems, typically an aquarist will only become aware of their presence through a section of worm being expelled from the vent or from postmortem dissection
    Fish are either imported with the tapes or pick them up from ingesting their intermediate hosts, in their food. Once more, a good reason to not-use live marine food.
    There are anti-worm chemicals that work on ridding fish of intestinal parasites, you can check with local sources as to which is the "latest and greatest" available; but I wouldn't. The vast majority of incidents show that the cure is too late, or more deadly than the problem. Well-maintained specimens have "successful" relationships with their internal parasites; they do not kill them.
    Roundworms, the Phylum Nematoda Roundworms, the Phylum Nematoda like the tapes, are rarely encountered unless detected protruding from a fish's vent or from cutting up a specimen after it has died. Many are microscopic, some macro- as parasites. Amongst all "worm" groups a nematode is easy to recognize by it's tri-radiate esophagus, otherwise they're typically smooth, white, and non-descript.
    With this worm group the best treatment is none at all; simply optimizing the environment reduces the likelihood of loss or debilitation from roundworms. If you have an aquaculture facility or many members of the same species that are determined to be dying from nematodes, anthelminthics (Piperazine, Levamisol (both in Discomed (tm)) the family of chemicals called Benzimidizoles, et al.
  14. sepulatian

    sepulatian Moderator Staff Member

    Nice pictures Joe. People are often confronted with flukes and anchor worms. This thread will be a good source to point them to so that they can see what they look like.
  15. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    But remember there are good worms. There are many advantages of "having worms"; they help clean up wastes and uneaten food, in turn becoming food for your livestock. Through their tunneling through the substrate, worms prevent clogging and channeling, helping keep you water clean and clear. Worms can also be of service to the marine aquarist as bio-indicators, ornament and more. Just know which are the good guys and bad guys
  16. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

    More info on anchor worms
    Anchor worms are parasites that infect fish and one of the main problems with them is that they increase the risk of attracting other diseases. The anchor worms can cause serious damage to a fish and can eventual kill the fish themselves, but anchor worms are only seldom the cause of death in fish with anchor worm since the damage weakens the fish and opens it up for other diseases that end up killing the fish.
    Anchor worms are in fact small crustaceans. These crustaceans start out their life as free swimming and find a fish to burrow their way into. They burrow themselves too far into the fish to allow for safe removal. When they have buried themselves into the fish they move themselves into the muscles where they live for several months while developing. They then make their way out of the fish, a process that often leaves ugly wounds, and releases their eggs before dying. The circle will then start over again.
    The wound caused by the crustaceans often gets infected which is one of the main reason this disease can invite so many other diseases to infect the sick fish. The long time the crustaceans spend in the fish also makes it hard to know where this disease was introduced from and if it has been cured. The symptoms of anchor worms include the fish scratching themselves against everything in the tank and white green threads hanging out with inflamed centers on the body of the fish.
    Anchor worms can be treated with potassium permanganate in the community tank (will color the water) or by bathing sick fish in a potassium permanganate solution (10mg per liter) for 20-30 min. Treating the entire community/holding aquarium will as I said color the water and be a little messy but it is still a god idea since it guarantees that no other fish are infected and that the disease doesn't return in a few months by emerging from a fish that is currently showing no signs of infection. If you decide to treat your entire tank you should add 2 mg potassium permanganate to every liter of aquarium water in your tank.
  17. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

  18. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

  19. florida joe

    florida joe Active Member

  20. bang guy

    bang guy Administrator Staff Member

    Originally Posted by florida joe

    help

Share This Page